Wednesday, February 21, 2018

February 21 On This Day in Australian History

1802 - HMS Investigator was misplaced (some say lost but I believe it will resurface down the back of someone's couch) whilst under the command of Matthew Flinders, who was stickybeaking about the coastline in the vicinity of present day Port  Lincoln. A water party, comprising two officers and a crew of six left the ship to land on the mainland and was not seen again.

1802 - Corio Bay, near Geelong, discovered John Murray poking about its shoreline.

1804 - Niberlooner was renamed Sullivan's Cove (Tassie) on this date when Lt David Collins cast his baby blues over the area.
Not to be confused with Sullivan Bay, Victoria, a settlement Lt David Collins named and abandoned after 7 months.

1840 - The cat was out of the bag when a particular gossip from Penwortham told the press of the vile events of this day when a shepherd promised a starving Indigenous woman a sheep in exchange for sex which he neglected to fulfill then, later forced to face the woman's rightly angry relatives, he killed her.

1842 - Dig out the feather boa and polish up that rhinestone garter-belt Mavis...the first play to be wrought in Melbourne was sprung upon the populace at the Theatre Royal, the title "Widow's Victim".

1848 - A hefty cutter named Psyche. Cutter was shop-lifted from Hobart by four convicts. Two survivors from her were picked up at Percy Island by the barque Freak, but the fate of their two companions was never discovered although some suspected cannibalism.

1881 - The Grey River Argus proclaimed that John Almao of Dunedin had been awarded a second order of merit, from the Melbourne Exhibition, for his model aerial tramway, while Reid and Duncan, civil engineers from Dunedin, received an Honourable Mention for their plain wire rope railway.
Well, I found it interesting...

1891 - Two Indigenous men were murdered by a policeman in Central Australia.

1894 - The Wanganui Herald whispered how Mr. Hindle, MLA of Lithgow, denounced Parliament for containing drunken blackguards.
One feels that Mr. Hindle was holding himself back, not really letting rip and tellin' like it was....

1899 - Sir George Bowen popped his clogs. Georgie-boy was a busy lad with fingers in political pies, being the Guv for Qld, the Guv for NZ and the Guv for Victoria where he didn't kiss the girls to make 'em cry but sacked 400 public servants and made 'em cry.

1907 - Tired of swimmers ignoring the SWIM BETWEEN THE DAMN FLAGS ALREADY message
The Bondi Surf Bathers’ Life Saving Club was established on this day at the Royal Hotel, Bondi Beach.

1927 - Radio station 3DB began broadcasting in Melbourne. It borrowed the initials of the Druleigh Business and Technology college and was launched upon the world with a Children's Hour at 6.30pm.

1929 - The Cenotaph in Martin Place was unveiled on what was the anniversary of the Light Horse entering Jericho.

1929 - Riding the peace train, compulsory military training in peacetime was done away with.

1931 - Avoiding the knackers yard by a mile Phar Lap became the highest stakes winner.

1937 - Fleet of foot fellow Ron Clarke was pupped on this day.

1943 - Start of Forbes 25 pounder trials where 276 Y4 (mustard) and 53 B4 (tear gas) rounds were fired.

1943 - In a letter to the Australian Prime Minister , Macarthur concurred that a decision for gas warfare would not be taken independently, but only when agreement had been reached between the Prime Minister and himself.

1945 - Menzies decided on changing the cuffs to match the collars so he formally notified Parliament his party was no longer to be called Greedy Fatty BoomBah and The Profits of Doom United Australia Party but was now the (Not Really) Liberal Party of Oz.

1953 - The Taree RSL , down near the riverbank, had a small room attached to the side in which the radio station 2RE was birthed on this day.

1956 - Showing that we knew how to meet new friends and kill them, Australian and British aircraft bombed Kluang, Malaya

1963 -  The QE II beamed down from the mothership and visited the new town of Elizabeth, established to the north of Adelaide, which was named after her.

1965 - The Freedom Ride bus hit Grafton, NSW.

1966 -  Brisvegas got legit wif the yoof of the day when The Rolling Stones rocked out two shows at the Brisbane City Hall.

1968 - World-famous Australian scientist Sir Howard Florey dropped off the perch, aged 69.
Yes, you should give a fat rats clacker cos Florey's work was crucial in creating a useful antibiotic from Sir Alexander Fleming's discovery of penicillin. 
And without it most of you would never have been born.

1973 - It was The City of Churches turn to get all funky and hipster with Mick, Keith and the gang aka The Rolling Stones spending the night together at two shows at Memorial Drive Park, Adelaide.

1980 – A Beech 200 light aircraft crashed at Sydney Airport, killing 13.

1981 - Whats da matter, you? Hey! Gotta no respect!
"Shaddap You Face", by Australian Joe Dolce, topped the UK singles chart.
Ahhh, shaddap you face!

1981 - Today saw torrential rain grace the streets of Sydney and force the postponement of the Oh So Fabulous Gay & Lesbian Mardi Gras, themed "We are the People our Parents Warned us Against"
The Street Parade of Splendidness was played a month later on March 21.

1984 - Things were crook up north when nurses from Brisbane's 3 public hospitals walked out in what was their very first strike. It only lasted 24 hours, probably because the Qld Govt (didn't have their heads up their backsides) wanted to keep the health system running and appreciated their nurses.

1997 - Former Westralia Premier Carmen Lawrence was in a spot of bother when she was charged with bad taste in clothing perjury. 
She was later found not guilty.

2009 - Saw the very last race at Cheltenham Park Racecourse in Adelaide.
Sold for $85 million for housing development.

2016 -  Baby Asha, a one-year old asylum seeker child who was transferred along with her family from Nauru to Brisbane’s Lady Cilento Children’s hospital for medical treatment was released into community detention. It came after the doctors at the hospital refused to discharge Asha after the completion of her treatment, fearing she would be transferred back to Nauru. Many members of the public rallied and held vigils outside the hospital.

2015 - Severe Tropical Cyclone Marcia (Marcia, Marcia, Marcia, it's always about Marcia) crossed the coast at Shoalwater Bay (north northwest of Yeppoon) . Marcia crossed the coast at category 5 intensity in a largely uninhabited area, although significant damage was recorded at Yeppoon and Rockhampton as the system weakened after making landfall.
Proving she was full of hot air Marcia was downgraded to a tropical low and buggered off out to sea.

2017 - A plane crashed at the Essendon DFO near the Essendon Airport, killing all onboard.

Tuesday, February 20, 2018

February 20 On This Day in Australian History

1804 - Charles Crump was Hanged in Sydney for the theft of 9 pieces of chintzes and printed calicoes from William Tough in Sydney Cove.

1809 - Poor old Billy Bligh boarded a boat after agreeing to go straight to England,not pop into any part of the colony for a cuppa or pass Go and collect $200.

1835 - Charles Norford was Hanged at Sydney for the attempted murder of Patrick Lynch. Norford was shaving Lynch when he suddenly cut his throat.

1863 - Hendrick Witnalder was Hanged at Campbell Street Gaolm Tassie, for sodomy.

1872 William Lygon, aka the 7th Earl Beachamp, popped into the world today. Willy-boy became Gov of NSW and was a patron to Henry Lawson for awhile. 
Shoved out of the closet by his brother-in-law in 1931, Willy quietly went into exile.

1879 - The Cape Bedford Massacre took place; Cooktown based Native Police Sub-inspector Stanhope O'Connor with his troopers, Barney, Jack, Corporal Hero, Johnny and Jimmy hunted down and "hemmed in" a group of Guugu-Yimidhirr Aborigines in "a narrow gorge", north of Cooktown on, "of which both outlets were secured by the troopers. There were twenty-eight men and thirteen gins thus enclosed, of whom none of the former escaped. Twenty-four were shot down on the beach, and four swam out to the sea" never to be seen again.

1880 - The Newcastle Morning Herald announced that a local Aboriginal woman known as Old Margaret , who was purported to be the last surviving Aboriginal people of Lake Macquarie (along with her children) would be formally offered a grant to the land on which they have resided for years.

1895 - The Timaru Herald declared that those on the Oz side of the ditch were claiming that sharing a treaty over a few bottles of plonk with those on the NZ side of the ditch would 'retard Federation".
How abouts we let those Kiwis piff a few of their apples at the silly Aussies in question...?
1900 - The Taranaki Herald reported that, while two men arguing over the war ended in the murder of one in Charters Towers on the other hand it wasn't Bubonic Plague like they'd suspected on a ship in port.
The Laboratory giveth and the war taketh away.....

1903 - The first design change to the original Australian national flags were made.
For civil use, the British Red ensign and six pointed federation star stayed, but the design of the Southern Cross was changed so that all but the smallest star had seven points, ostensibly to improve the ease of manufacture.
The exact date of this change is not known. The earliest known official use was from the belated Gazettal of the Australian flag design on this day.

1913 - Instead of driving women crazy, today King O'Malley was driving a steel peg into the top soil to mark the beginning of building Canberra.

1919 - Dr John A. Gilruth and his family departed Darwin in the night aboard HMAS Encounter after Government House had been placed under virtual siege for several weeks following the Darwin Rebellion -  a culmination of unrest in the Australian Workers' Union whose  grievances were against the two main Northern Territory employers, Vestey’s Meatworks and the Commonwealth of Australia, and concerned political representation, unemployment, taxation and ongoing industrial disputes following the implementation of the White Australia policy.

1956 - South Australian police officer Theodore Arthur Nixon died as a result of a motor accident.

1961 -  Lt  G. O'Day, RAN of 725 Squadron had his undercarriage let down during a single-engine flypast at RANAS Nowra, suffered an engine stall, and landed in a tree.
 Just the way to start the day.

1962 - Perth was dubbed The City of Light when everyone switched on their outside lights for US astronaut John Glenn, who was passing overhead in Friendship 7.

1965 - Freedom Ride members including Charles Perkins were ejected from Moree's municipal swimming baths after protesting against its policy of not admitting Aborigines.

1975 - In Parliament, Deputy PM Jim Cairns was in hot water when he was forced to defend his appointment of Juni Morosi after claims by Liberal backbencher Billy Wentworth that she was unfit for her position and a newspaper report suggesting a romantic link between Morosi and Cairns.

1980 - Ash Wednesday bushfires; In a strange coincidence two of the worst bushfires in South Australia occurred on Ash Wednesday, the first day of Lent.
On 20 February 1980 a fire, believed to have started from smouldering rubbish in the Heathfield dump, swept through the hills destroying 51 homes but fortunately with no loss of life.

1981 - Actor Peter Regan (married to actress Olivia Hamnett) was a tad miffed at workers who started work far too early on a construction site next door to his hotel he piffed eggs at them. They started at the proper time the following day.

1981 - An inquest into the disappearance of baby Azaria Chamberlain finds that she was taken by a dingo.

1984 - Sergeant 1st Class Rhoderic Lindsay (NSW) died whilst undertaking a rescue at sea.

1992 -  Two months after losing his position as Prime Minister, Bob Hawke took his bat and ball and buggered off home when he resigned from his House of Representatives seat.

Monday, February 19, 2018

February 19 On This Day in Australian History

1804 - David Collins decided to up sticks and shift his non-Corey Worthington organised party to Sullivan Cove in Tassie.

1810 - Edward Luttrell Jnr, a ship’s officer and son of Surgeon Edward Luttrell, shot Pemulwuy’s son ‘Tidbury’ (Tedbury or Tjedboro) in the face during an argument at Parramatta.

1836 - British Parliament officially proclaimed the colony of South Australia and formally defined its boundaries.
King William IV recognised the continued rights to land for Aboriginal people in South Australia's founding document, the Letters Patent. It was the first ever recognition of Aboriginal rights granted in Australia's colonial history. But the promise of legal entitlement to the land was never kept.

1852 - That glittery gold stuff that gets the population so excited was tripped over in Beechworth.

1856 - Exotic dancer (that's exotic NOT erotic you smutty minded people) Lola Montez - who was neither Spanish nor a trained dancer -was greatly displeased with a bad review written by the editor of the Ballarat Times, Henry Seekamp, about her.
So she took to him with a horse whip.
Totally justified, Your Honour...!

1863 - Thomas McGee was Hanged at Melbourne Gaol for the murder of Alexander Brown at Maiden Gully.

1865 - The tender was issued for work on Parliament House for the construction of the Legislative Council foundations.

1877 - A few glasses and stumps were raised when the patent for the stump-jump plough was registered in South Oz.

1879 - The foundation stone for Melbourne's Royal Exhibition Building was laid.

1883 - Sir William Robinson was having a bad hair day so he decided to cover it up by popping on the South Oz Governor's hat.

1892 - Eileen O'Connor, the next possible Aussie saint, was delivered by the stork in Richmond (Struggletown), Melbourne.
She was yet another ballsy gal who took on Rome to establish Our Lady's Nurses For The Poor.

1894 - Steam trams began chugging their way to Bondi; getting a full head of steam up they could gallop along at 65km/ph, birthing the saying "to shoot through like a Bondi tram".

1894 - The Sydney Anarchy Trial found several well-known chappies were a bit naughty for flogging editions of the anarchist newspaper Hard Cash that cast aspersions upon trustees of the Savings Bank of NSW. Tsk tsk tsk. Because banks are always so trust-worthy during a depression... aren't they?
Of course 2 chappies in particular were let off the hook...future NSW Premier Jack Lang and future Prime Minister Billy Hughes.

1912 - Royal Commission into the claims arising out of the contract entered into between Peter Rodger and the Victorian Railways Commissioners for the erection of Flinders Street new Station Buildings presented its final report to Parliament.

1918 - The Australian Corps Signal Company was formed.

1928 - Thousands of spectators crammed into the Kings Oak Speedway to eyeball the latest mad craze to shift from Oz - the uber dangerous dirt track racing.

1942 - Darwin was bombed twice  on this day with deaths far exceeding the originally quoted 15 and the later revised 243.

1942 - A Japanese Zero crash-landed on Melville Island to Darwin’s north, and its pilot was captured by a local  Tiwi Islander man named Matthias Ulungura snuck up behind the Japanese pilot with a tomahawk and said, 'Stick 'em up!'— the first prisoner of war taken on Australian soil.

1942 - During the Bombing of Darwin the first wave of 188 Japanese planes was spotted by Father John McGrath, a Catholic priest at the mission station on Bathurst Island. Father McGrath sent a message on the radio saying "An unusually large air formation bearing down on us from the northwest". Nearly everyone ignored this, though it was on the most popular radio station. About an hour later there were roughly 100 people dead, but the people who followed his instruction all survived.

1942 - Following the Bombing of Darwin many Aboriginal people were relocated to 'control camps' and restrictions were places on Aboriginal movement, especially women. In Arnhem Land Aboriginal people made up special reconnaissance units in defence against the Japanese.
The United Church in North Australia set up an Aboriginal mission on Elcho Island, Northern Territory.

 1943 - The Militia Bill was passed along with the metamucil which made all Aussie troops available to Gen. Douglas MacArthur in the Pacific Campaign.

1943 - Japanese planes flew over Sydney, sparking sirens and anti-aircraft fire.

1944 - Royal Commission to inquire into the place of origin and the causes of the fires which commenced at Yallourn on the 14th day of February, 1944 established.

1946 -  “All personnel from No. 19 Replenishing Centre posted and disbandment of the unit is complete”.

1951 - Norman Andrews was Hanged at Pentridge for the murder of 'Pop' Kent.

1951 - Robert David Clayton was Hanged at Pentridge for the murder of 'Pop' Kent.

1951 -Jean Lee was Hanged at Pentridge for the murder of 'Pop' Kent in Dorrit Street Carlton. Jean Lee was the last woman executed in Australia.

1955 – The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty (SEATO) came into force.

1962 - The Upper Ferntree Gully to Belgrave railway line (Vic) opened reopened as broad gauge.

1966 - The Rolling Stones performed three shows at Sydney Showground.

1966 - Aussie gal Heather McKay won her fifth successive British squash title.

1969 - Some bloke was seen leading animals onto his boat 2 by 2 when Darwin had a spot of rain with 125mm throwing itself from the sky within 24 hours. 1 inch fell in 5 mins...impatient little buggers!

1969 - Australian cricketer Doug Walters made the record books by taking both a century and a double century in the same match during the Fifth Test against India.

1980 - This day  saw the sad demise of one of rock's enduring legends - Bon Scott passed away.

1983 - The scary boogy monster under the ALP bed became known as Westralian Premier Brian Burke on this day.

1987 - Henry Ramsay aka Craig McLachlan  graced our idiot boxes for his debut appearance in Neighbours on this day.

1996 - Rob Borbidge threw his hat into the ring and came away as the 35th Premier of Qld.

1996 - Sky News Australia was spawned on this day.

1998 - Zali Steggall broke the drought and took home the first individual Winter Olympic medal for the Aussies when she won Bronze for the downhill slalom.

Sunday, February 18, 2018

February 18 On This Day in Australian History

1793 - The first school in the new colony began thumping learnin' into young heads in an unfinished church building in Sydney with the first teacher being one Mr Stephen Barnes.

1796 - One of the Scottish martyrs, Thomas Muir, did a bunk and successfully escaped on an American ship Otter.

1804 - The first Russian to become an Aussie resident - before we were known as Aussies - was John Potocki who was given the Grande Tour of Tassie as a transported convict.

1815 - George Wood and others were lost en route from Illawarra to Shoalhaven to pick up cedar.

1844 - The foundation stone of the monument to Surveyor-General Colonel William Light, over his grave in Light Square, was laid on this day.

1856 - A bovine lad by the name of King Oscar was pupped on this day; being of a lowly state his fate was in the hands of others and, thus, he was sold to Mr Broadie and travelled to Oz where he spent the remainder of his days.

1858 - The HMS Sappho may have been armed with sixteen cannon but she still managed to disappear on her voyage from England ; she was last sighted a few miles off Cape Otway, Vic, on this day and then not seen again. Despite an extensive search in Bass Strait and a report that the masts of a ship were seen protruding from the sea near Wilson’s Promontory, no definite trace was ever discovered.

1862 - Margaret Coghlan was Hanged at Campbell Street Gaol, Tassie, for the murder of her husband.

1865 - John McDonald was another Melbournian who chose to chance it aboard the CSS Shenandoah; he popped out of his hiding place after the ship had sailed, becoming another of the OZ & NZ veterans of the American Civil War.

1869 - A transported Fenian, JB O'Reilly, took his unlawful leave from Fremantle in the American whaling ship Gazelle and sailed off into the sunset for USA.

1874 - Little Nell was a steam launch whose boiler exploded during a race with the tug Tamar, off Coulson, Tasmania.  In an attempt to beat the powerful tug, the safety valve of the launch’s boiler was clamped down and more fuel thrown on the fire. Eleven on board; the river cutter Margaret rescued three passengers, one dying a few days later, the other two badly scalded.

1874 -  I say, What!
That earnest explorer chappy Ernest Giles was nearly killed by one of his horses when he was thrown and dragged along, only narrowly escaping being killed.

1883 - Jessie Litchfield, a fantastically inspirational woman, was found in the tulip patch. She was an author, poet, Aussie and international journalist and editor of a NT newspaper, who helped push tourism in the Top End.

1893 - The Marlborough Express succinctly stated how both Tamworth and Toowoomba were out of railway and telegraph communication reach due to floods which had 'surpassed the last one'.

1903 - The Coonamble Branch Railway Line (NSW) was opened from Dubbo - Coonamble.

1907 -  D'Arcy Wentworth Uhr, policeman, prospector, drover, found not guilty for cattle stealing and organiser of reprisals against Aboriginal People (a PC way of saying revenge attacks) popped his clogs.

1911 - The MCG was hosting the test cricket match between South Africa and Oz when former Oz captain who had leapt the fence to play for the Old Dart, Billy Murdoch, turned up his toes during the lunch interval.

1911 - Beech Forest became home to the very first Bush Nurse, Mary Thompson, who no doubt patched together a great number of people in Australia's first Bush Nursing appointment.

1929 - Kanowna was steaming her way between Sydney and Melbourne when she ran on to rocks in foggy weather near Cleft Island (Skull Rock) south of Wilsons Promontory. Boats were immediately lowered and the passengers were transferred to SS Mackarra. It was first thought that the vessel could be saved, but owing to her boiler fires being extinguished she could not be beached. After remaining afloat for several hours, she sank the following morning.
Included in the £200,000 cargo lost was a racehorse, dog and three cars.
Vale the horse and dog.

1931 - Mawson landed at Cape Bruce – the first known landing in that part of East Antarctica.

1942 - Japanese air raid on Darwin;
Gunbar. Auxiliary minesweeper,Minor damage  One dead.
Coongoola. Channel patrol vessel.  Minor damage
Benjamin Franklin. United States oil tanker. Minor damage
Kangaroo. Boom working vessel. Minor damage. One dead.
Kara-kara. Boom defence vessel. Minor damage. Two dead.
Kookaburra. Boom working vessel. Minor damage. Two wounded.
Platypus. Depot/Repair ship. Minor damage, One dead.
Tulagi. Australian transport. Damaged during the Japanese air raid.

William B. Preston. Ex destroyer converted to a seaplane tender.Damaged during the Japanese air raid. Four dead.

Manunda. Australian hospital ship.Damaged during the Japanese air raid. Twelve died and 58 were wounded when she suffered several near misses and one direct hit.

Portmar. United States transport. Damaged during the Japanese air raid. She was beached, then salvaged and towed to Brisbane for repairs, only to be torpedoed and sunk on her first voyage.

1944 - Operation Jericho was off to a flying start when 19 de Havilland Mosquitos (comprising of RAF, RAAF and RNZAF pilots)  took off to bomb the walls of a Gestapo prison to liberate French political prisoners; of the 700 held there 258 managed to escape.

 1944 - The United States War department approached the Royal Australian Air Force on whether it should obtain its requirements of gas weapons and chemicals from American sources.

1954 - Bust out the popcorn and shove your mates in the car boot!
The first drive-in theatre opened in Oz at 6.30pm ; the Skyline Drive-in in Burwood, Melbourne.

1958 - 200,000 people went to Brisbane to peer at an old gal known as the Queen Mum.

1962 - The railway line from Upper Fern Tree Gully to Belgrave was re-opened after having been shaken but not stirred as it was converted from narrow gauge to broad gauge railway track.

1963 - Not to be outdone by the old gal, QEII and Phil the Greek beamed down from the mothership for some Aussie lovin'.

1965 - Esso-BHP struck gas, and later oil, at the Barracouta well in Bass Strait.

1965 - The editorial in The Australian on this day highlighted the need for all Aussies to face up to the fact that there was (and is) widespread discrimination against Aboriginal people, both obvious and subtly covert.
(My, my, how things haven'y changed)

1966 - There was a whole lotta shakin' goin' on at the Sydney Showgrounds when The Rolling Stones shook their thang during 2 shows.

1966 - The Canberra Times reported that Charles Perkins, in his role as Manager of the Foundation for Aboriginal Affairs, had stated that unless funds were donated the foundation would be forced to close within three months.

1967 - Those Aussie teens were shockers!
Go-Set published its first anniversary issue, which carried a story about a riot at a Loved Ones concert in Tasmania at which lead singer Gerry Humphreys had his trousers completely torn off by the crowd.

1989 - The Oh So Fabulously Wonderfully Out There Sydney Gay & Lesbian Mardi Gras was celebrated with an estimated 200,000 peeps whilst the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence carried forth a platter on which the head of raging right-wing fundamentalist bible thumping God botherer Fred Nile lounged.

2001 – Four people were killed when a landslide forced a bus into a ravine at Cradle Mountain.

2006 – Six teenagers were killed and another was injured in a hit and run accident in Cardross, near Mildura.

2006 - The Pride History Group launched its new comprehensive history web site.

Saturday, February 17, 2018

February 17 On This Day in Australian History

Today is the Fornacalia in Ancient Rome; the festival of ovens, bread and the oven goddess, Fornax, who taught us how to bake that yummy goodness that is bread.

1788 -  Rev. Johnson celebrated the first Communion in the colony. The service was held in Lieutenant Ralph Clark's tent, borrowed for the occasion. The event was recorded by Clark in his journal.
'I will keep this Table also as long as I live for it is the first Table that ever the Lords Supper was eat of in this country'

1788 - Lord Howe Island was innocently sitting in the ocean, soaking up the sun when Lieutenant Henry Ball (wonder what his mates called him? Ballsy Hal? Hank le Billiard? Crystal Ball Gypsy Harry?) tripped over it whilst commanding the ship HMAS Supply en route to that popular holiday resort Norfolk Island and promptly named it after some bloke.

1802 - Matthew Flinders was a busy chap, flinging names for all the features willy nilly on this day.
Pt Whidbey / Whidbey Isles were named after a friend of Flinders, the Master-Attendant at Sheerness, England.

1802 - French Explorer Nicholas Baudin was an equally busy bloke tossing titles all over the shop on this day.

1802 - Fortescue Bay was named Dolomieu Bay by Baudin after Deodat Guy Silvain Tancrede Gratet de Dolomieu (1750-1801), French mineralogist.

1802 - Cape Hauy was named after René Just Haüy (1743-1822). French mineralogist, born at St. Just, in the department of Oise, educated at the colleges of Navarre and Lemoine, became a teacher at the latter and turned to natural history. He founded the science of crystallography.

1802 - Waterfall Bay was named Monge Bay by Baudin, 17.2.1802, after Gaspar Comte de Peluse Monge (1746-1818), French mathematician.

1802 - Forestier Peninsula named after Henry Verdean Forestier (1755-1806), French Minister for the Navy and administration.

1802 - Cape Surville was named after Louis Charles de Hautefort, Marquis de Surville (1658-1721), French Admiral.

1802 - Greenly Island was named by Flinders after Elizabeth Greenly of Titley Court, the lady to whom Sir Isaac Coffin was engaged. They were married in 1811 and Sir Isaac Coffin assumed the name and arms of Greenly as his wife didn't like the idea of being known as Lady Coffin.

1802 - Avoid Bay was thus dubbed by Flinders from its being exposed to the dangerous southern winds and there are rocks and breakers on each side of the entrance."

1803 - Cape Wilberforce was titled by Matthew Flinders on this day who named it after the Reformer, William Wilberforce.

1803 - The Bromby Islands were named by explorer Flinders on this day after Rev John Bromby of Hull who officiated in the marriage of Flinders to Anne Chappell.

1803 - Matthew Flinders met up with some Malay Praus (ships) from Macassar  near Cape Arnhem and discovered that there were 60 ships trading with the Aboriginal people as they fished for trepang and that this was a very long established practice.

1805 - Thomas Brown, a free settler, was sent to the Parramatta gaol for striking an Aborigine.

1815 - Thomas Hassall reported that the ‘Cundorah’ (Gundungurra) had attacked Macarthur’s farm at Camden.

1816 - The Sydney Gazette shared on its front page that the first Ceylonese family banished to Australia had arrived on board HM Kangaroo.

1826 - Despatch was a Colonial Government schooner that was built at Macquarie Harbour, Tasmania, She made her debut when she arrived at Hobart on her maiden voyage on this day.
Sadly she sailed from Hobart for Maria Island with stores in March 1826, but was never seen or heard from again. Presumed lost in a gale off Cape Pillar.

1826 - James Eales was Hanged at Hobart for sheep-stealing and robbery.

1826 - William Eales was Hanged at Hobart for sheep-stealing and robbery.

1834 - When the vessel 'Ceylon' was wrecked at Newcastle on this day Peter Fredericks provided accommodation for the survivors at The Australian Inn.

1844 - Employees of the Australian Agricultural Company James Hyde, Charles Clerk, John Hussey and William Cokeler were having a proper knees up when they were oh-so-rudely charged with drunkeness and disorderly conduct!

1846 -  The free Aborigines on Flinders Island in Bass Strait wrote a petition addressed to Queen Victoria concerning the mistreatment of indigenous people.

1854 - The ship Inellan was moored with two anchors and special riding tackle at Port Fairy but she parted both her anchors and was driven ashore in one of the worst storms in history, to become a complete wreck on this day.

1865 - Henry Mullineaux busted the law when he hopped on board the Confederate Cruiser ship the CSS Shenandoah while it was docked for repairs in Williamstown and made his mark against many others to become Oz & NZ veterans of the American Civil War.

1865 - The Confederate ship CSS Shenandoah sailed merrily out from Port Phillip Bay with fresh supplies and 42 newly recruited crew.

1873 - There was Russian-phobia running amok in both Oz and NZ, but the editor of the Daily Southern Cross newspaper used his imagination to cook a hoax about the supposed Russian invasion of Auckland from the ship Kaskowiski (cask of whisky) who nabbed the gold and the Mayor.

1876 - Severe gales at Townsville.

1881 - The Taranaki Herald was being very diplomatic when it quietly announced that the Aussies had been knocked over after a pitiful 154 runs (and not a Ponting in sight!).

1882 - The very first Test cricket match was played at Sydney Cricket Ground. Blind umpires optional.

1885 - The Lune was a Swedish barque who was carelessly misplaced (aka lost) on this day at Cliffy Island off the Gippsland coast during a voyage from Newcastle to Melbourne. After rounding Cape Howe, gales, heavy seas and fog met the ship and in the early hours of the morning she struck a reef on the eastern side of the island. The crew launched two boats and about an hour later the vessel slid off the reef into deep water and sank. The men landed at the lighthouse station on the island at dawn, where four days later SS De Bay picked them up and took them to Melbourne.

1885 - Author of a somewhat dubious tome about Aboriginal people Daisy Bates was a little absent-minded today when she got legally hitched to John Bates, a drover.
I say absent-minded as she seems to have forgotten that she was already married to Breaker Morant.
S'ok, she had another brain fart 4 months later and got married for a 3rd time.

1888 - The Eastminster left Maryborough for Sydney after ignoring a warning from the pilot, and heading out to sea in a rising gale. She was not seen again.

1888 - A cyclone hit east of Mackay, with ships and houses damaged.

1893 - A cyclone hit Bundaberg; floods from Rockhampton to Grafton, NSW. Mary River bridge in Maryborough was washed away with 120 houses. A cyclone induced tornado hit Sandgate.

1900 - Paardeburg, Orange Free State, South Africa; A major action of the Boer War in which men of the New South Wales Mounted Rifles were involved that resulted in the surrender of 4,000 Boers under General Piet Cronje.

1905 - Orizaba was a hefty steamship who was sadly wrecked on Five Fathom Bank near Garden Island on her way to Fremantle on this day due to visibility having been obscured by bushfire haze. Although she quickly developed a heavy list to port all passengers were landed safely, then about 900 tons of the 2,500 tons of cargo was recovered. Despite being battered constantly by a heavy swell, parts of the wreck remained visible for more than two years before breaking up and disappearing. She is one of the largest ships to have been wrecked in Australian waters.

1911 - HV McKay, owner of the Sunshine Harvester Works, responded to the Agricultural Implement Makers’ Union (AIMU) call to strike by locking workers out of the factory. Nine other agricultural implement manufacturers joined McKay in a lockout.

1916 - A train derailment at Campania, Tas, left four dead.

1917 - New Cabinet
WM Hughes formed a new ministry and retained the prime ministership despite his expulsion from the Labor Party. Ten days earlier he had formed the Nationalist Party, merging other expelled Labor members and some former Liberals.

1919 - The Cadia Mine Branch  Railway Line (NSW) opened from Spring Hill - Cadia Mine.

1931 - Two of Adelaide's leading newspapers,The Advertiser and The Register, amalgamated. This was brought about partly through the increased duty on newsprint, and the effects of the Depression which reduced advertising revenue.

1935 - For some reason daily air services between Sydney and Canberra hustled forth today.

1936 - Reg Ansett birthed Ansett Airways when he zoomed off into the air with a service between Melbourne and Hamilton on this day.

1958 - Flood waters inundated Mackay. The small community at Foulden was wiped out. Three people drowned at Cremorne.

1958 - The Kermandie was having a pretty crappy day. She left Stanley for Melbourne with a cargo of grain, but shortly afterwards hit rocks off North Point, Circular Head, north-west Tasmania, in heavy weather in September 1957. The rudder was torn off and the vessel was run ashore near Western Plains; tractors were able to get alongside to recover most of the cargo but the ship herself was unable to be salvaged. Her final indignity occurred on this day when her hull was burnt where it lay.

1958 - At a meeting in Adelaide, activists from all mainland states formed a national pressure group: the Federal Council for Aboriginal Advancement (FCAA). Its goal was the achievement of 'equal citizens' rights' for Aboriginal Australians. The first two goals of this new body were:

1. Repeal of all legislation, federal and state, which discriminated against the Aborigines.
2. Amendment to the Commonwealth Constitution to give the Commonwealth government power to legislate for Aborigines as with all other citizens.

1966 - The Rolling Stones got all the gals in a lather when they filmed a "Bandstand" TV special in Sydney.

1971 - Cyclone Dora crossed the coast north of Brisbane at Redcliffe resulting in widespread structural damage with some flooding.

1973 - Plying their magical mystery o'er the ladies once more The Rolling Stones played three shows at Kooyong Tennis Centre, Melbourne, supported by Madder Lake.

1979 - The Warwick Farm Racecourse Branch Railway Line (NSW) opened from Warwick Farm Junction - Warwick Farm DE.

1987 - The Coffs Harbour Aboriginal Family Community Care Centre Inc. was incorporated on this day.

1988 - It is sad railway news to report that on this day some idiot halfwit twat dropkick ignorant fool closed the Linton to Skipton railway line.

1990 - Today saw the Oh So Fabulously Wonderful Sydney Gay & Lesbian Mardi Gras flouncing its frilly bits in all of her technicolour glory.
Featuring the first ever Mardi Gras Fair Day held in Glebe’s Jubilee Park it attracted 1,000 people and featured the first Dog Show plus touch football, mud wrestling and a meet-and-greet with the Dykes on Bikes.

2002 -  Alisa Camplin won gold in the women's aerial skiing contest.

2003 – Hundreds of thousands of protestors joined millions more in other cities around the world in protesting the Iraq War. These were the biggest street protests seen since the Vietnam War.

2011 - Cyclone Carlos brought rain and high winds to Darwin.

2014 - Peaceful protests by asylum seekers detained in the Manus Island facility turned into a violent riot. Security guards and police stormed the facility attacking asylum seekers, including people who had not been involved in the protests. One asylum seeker, Reza Berati, was beaten to death and over 60 others were injured, some of them seriously.